Time-bin-to-polarization conversion of ultrafast photonic qubits

Time-bin-to-polarization conversion of ultrafast photonic qubits

Connor Kupchak, Philip J. Bustard, Khabat Heshami, Jennifer Erskine, Michael Spanner, Duncan G. England, and Benjamin J. Sussman
Phys. Rev. A 96, 053812 – Published 6 November 2017

The encoding of quantum information in photonic time-bin qubits is apt for long-distance quantum communication schemes. In practice, due to technical constraints such as detector response time, or the speed with which copolarized time-bins can be switched, other encodings, e.g., polarization, are often preferred for operations like state detection. Here, we present the conversion of qubits between polarization and time-bin encodings by using a method that is based on an ultrafast optical Kerr shutter and attain efficiencies of 97% and an average fidelity of 0.827±0.003 with shutter speeds near 1 ps. Our demonstration delineates an essential requirement for the development of hybrid and high-rate optical quantum networks.

Photoionization Interferometry & Metrology

Photoionization Interferometry & Metrology

Photoionization is a complex quantum mechanical process, with a range of interfering channels playing a role in even the simplest case. For problems in quantum metrology and sensing, a detailed understanding of the process is desirable for accurate measurements; quantum control is also a possible outcome of such understanding. New research in this area will build on recent cutting-edge work at NRC (see below), which probed the fundamental quantum physics of photoionization in atoms and molecules, and metrology work which demonstrated the retrieval of electron wavefunctions via interferometric time-domain measurements.

Four areas of photoionization interferometry are the target of current research:

  1. Metrology and control with rotational wavepackets.
  2. Metrology and control with shaped laser pulses.
  3. Quantum dynamics probed via photoionization interferometry.
  4. Fundamental properties of photoion and photoelectron coherence.

Depending on interests and experience, project work will be in one (or more) of these areas.

An introduction to this topic, and recent work, can be found in Paul’s DAMOP 2017 talk Phase-sensitive Photoelectron Metrology (below), and via our blog.

Phase-sensitive Photoelectron Metrology – Dr. P. Hockett, presentation at DAMOP 2017 from femtolab.ca on Vimeo.

Reading today…

Reading today…

Essential entanglement for atomic and molecular physics

Malte C Tichy, Florian Mintert and Andreas Buchleitner

Published 21 September 20112011 IOP Publishing Ltd
Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Volume 44, Number 19

Entanglement is nowadays considered as a key quantity for the understanding of correlations, transport properties and phase transitions in composite quantum systems, and thus receives interest beyond the engineered applications in the focus of quantum information science. We review recent experimental and theoretical progress in the study of quantum correlations under that wider perspective, with an emphasis on rigorous definitions of the entanglement of identical particles, and on entanglement studies in atoms and molecules.

Frequency and bandwidth conversion of single photons in a room-temperature diamond quantum memory

Frequency and bandwidth conversion of single photons in a room-temperature diamond quantum memory

Our recent paper on quantum optical signal processing is now published in Nature Communications:

Frequency and bandwidth conversion of single photons in a room-temperature diamond quantum memory
Nature Communications 7, 11200, 2016
Kent A.G. Fisher, Duncan G. England, Jean-Philippe W. MacLean, Philip J. Bustard, Kevin J. Resch & Benjamin J. Sussman

The spectral manipulation of photons is essential for linking components in a quantum network. Large frequency shifts are needed for conversion between optical and telecommunication frequencies, while smaller shifts are useful for frequency-multiplexing quantum systems, in the same way that wavelength division multiplexing is used in classical communications. Here we demonstrate frequency and bandwidth conversion of single photons in a room-temperature diamond quantum memory. Heralded 723.5 nm photons, with 4.1 nm bandwidth, are stored as optical phonons in the diamond via a Raman transition. Upon retrieval from the diamond memory, the spectral shape of the photons is determined by a tunable read pulse through the reverse Raman transition. We report central frequency tunability over 4.2 times the input bandwidth, and bandwidth modulation between 0.5 and 1.9 times the input bandwidth. Our results demonstrate the potential for diamond, and Raman memories in general, as an integrated platform for photon storage and spectral conversion.

April 2016 – Article in Nature Communications

Oct. 2015 – Article on the arxiv

Nonclassical correlations publications round-up

Nonclassical correlations publications round-up

New papers at Optics Letters & on the arxiv, looking at various aspects of nonclassical correlations in light-matter interactions:

Nonclassical correlations between terahertz bandwidth photons mediated by rotational quanta in hydrogen molecules 

Spotlight on Optics March 2015

Philip J. Bustard, Jennifer Erskine, Duncan G. England, Josh Nunn, Paul Hockett, Rune Lausten, Michael Spanner, and Benjamin J. Sussman

Optics Letters, Vol. 40, Issue 6, pp. 922-925 (2015)


Maximum information photoelectron metrology

P. Hockett, C. Lux, M. Wollenhaupt, T. Baumert

arXiv:1503.08308 (2015)

(Update – now published in PRA.)


Complete Photoionization Experiments via Ultrafast Coherent Control with Polarization Multiplexing II: Numerics & Analysis Methodologies

P. Hockett, M. Wollenhaupt, C. Lux, T. Baumert

arXiv:1503.08247 (2015)

(Update – now published in PRA.)